Academic Books and Articles

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Supernatural and our fandom has become a subject of academic interest with a number of books and articles published on a variety of aspects of both. For shorter fan writings in this area see Meta Essays


Individual Chapters in Edited Volumes

Booth, Paul and Lucy Bennett. 2016. “Interview with Emily Perkins, Actor in Supernatural.” Seeing Fans: Representations of Fandom in Media and Popular Culture, eds. Paul Booth and Lucy Bennett. London: Bloomsbury. DOI: 10.5040/9781501318481

Freim, Nicole. 2011. “I’ll Take Our Family Over Normal Any Day: Supernatural’s Commentary on the Modern American Family.” Bound by Love: Familial Bonding in Film and Television since 1950, ed. Laura Mattoon D'Amore. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Fuchs, Michael. 2011. “Trapped in TV Land: Encountering the Hyperreal in Supernatural,” in Simulation in Media and Culture: Believing the Hype, ed. Robin DeRosa. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Fuchs, Michael. 2012. “Play it Again, Sam … and Dean: Temporality and Meta-Textuality in Supernatural.” Time in Television Narrative: Exploring Temporality in Twenty-First-Century Programming, ed. Melissa Ames. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781617032936.003.0006

Fuchs, Michael. 2014. “‘Three hundred channels and nothing’s on’: Metaleptic Genre-Mixing in Supernatural,” in Critical Reflections on Audience and Narrativity: New Connections, New Perspectives, eds. Bianca Mitu, Silvia Branea, and Valentina Marinescu. Hanover: ibidem-Verlag.

Golomb, Liorah. 2015. “Dipping a Toe into the DH Waters.” Digital Humanities in the Library: Challenges and Opportunities for Subject Specialists, ed. Arianne Hartsell-Gundy, Laura Braunstein, and Liorah Golomb. Chicago: Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL).

Graham. Anissa M. 2013. “A New Kind of Pandering: Supernatural and the World of Fanfiction.” Fan CULTure: Essays on Participatory Fandom in the 21st Century, eds. Kristin M. Barton and Jonathan M. Lampley. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.

Klein, Michael J. and Kristi L. Shackelford. 2012. “'Hey Sammy, We’re Not in Kansas Anymore’: The Frontier Motif in Supernatural.” Undead in the West: Vampires, Zombies, Mummies, and Ghosts on the Cinematic Frontier, eds. Cynthia J. Miller and A. Bowdoin Van Riper. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.

Macklem, Lisa. 2014. “From Monstrous Mommies to Hunting Heroines: The Evolution of Women on Supernatural.” The Canadian Fantastic in Focus: New Perspectives, ed. Allan Weiss. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.

Larsen, Katherine and Lynn Zubernis. 2016. “We See You (Sort of): Representations of Fans on Supernatural.” Seeing Fans: Representations of Fandom in Media and Popular Culture, eds. Paul Booth and Lucy Bennett. London: Bloomsbury. DOI: 10.5040/9781501318481

Re, Valentina 2017. "The Monster at the End of This Book Metalepsis, Fandom, and World Making in Contemporary TV Series." in World Building. Transmedia, Fans, Industries. Boni, Marta (ed.) Amsterdam University Press.

Stein, Louise Ellen. (2013) “#Bowdown to Your New God”. A Companion to Media Authorship, eds Jonathan Gray and Derek Johnson. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118505526.ch21

Wilkinson, Jules. 2013. “The Epic Love Story of Supernatural and Fanfic.” Why Fanfiction Is Taking Over the World, ed. Anne Jamison.

Academic articles


Favard, Florent. 2018 Angels, demons and Whatever comes next: The storyworld Dynamics Of Supernatural Series. International journal of TV serial narratives Volume iv, nº 2, winter 2018: 19-26

Golomb, Liorah. 2018. “Let’s Go Gank Ourselves a Paris Hilton”: A Textual Analysis of the Dialogue of Supernatural (the First 10 Years). SHAREOK.


Brennan, Joseph. 2016. Queerbaiting: The 'playful’ possibilities of homoeroticism. International Journal of Cultural Studies.

Harrisson, Juliette. 2016. “Shipping in Plato’s Symposium.” In “The Classical Canon and/as Transformative Work,” edited by Ika Willis, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 21.

Herbig, Art, and Andrew F. Herrmann. 2016. Polymediated Narrative: The Case of the Supernatural Episode “Fan Fiction”. International Journal of Communication, no. 10.

Karkanias, Alena (2016) "The Transgressions of Gishwhes," Relics, Remnants, and Religion: An Undergraduate Journal in Religious Studies: Vol. 1 : Iss. 1 , Article 9. Available at:


Blake, Linnie. 2015. All Hell Breaks Loose: Supernatural, Gothic Neo-Liberalism and the American Self. Horror Studies, 6: 2, pp. 225–238.

Gonçalves, Diana. 2015. Popping (it) up: Popular Culture in Supernatural. Diffractions 4.


  • "You're My True Vessel": Knowledge and Digital Fan Culture Discussed on the Basis of Mediumship and Possession in Supernatural's Narrative and Fandom. Journal of Religion, Media and Digital Culture Vol 3, No 1. Kienzl, Lisa 2014

Torrey, K. T. 2014. Writing with the Winchesters: Metatextual Wincest and the provisional practice of happy ending. Journal of Fandom Studies 2: 2, pp. 163–180, 2013

Howell, Charlotte E. 2013. The Gospel of the Winchesters (And Their Fans): Neoreligious Fan Practices and Narrative in Supernatural. Kinephanos 4:1


Herzog, Alexandra. 2012. 'But this is my story and this is how I wanted to write it’: Author’s Notes as a Fannish Claim to Power in Fan Fiction Writing. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 11.


2010 Blake, Linnie. 2015. All Hell Breaks Loose: Supernatural, Gothic Neo-Liberalism and the American Self. Horror Studies, 6: 2, pp. 225–238.

Engstrom, Erika, and Joseph M. Valenzano, III. 2010. Demon hunters and hegemony: Portrayal of religion on the CW’s Supernatural. Journal of Media and Religion 9, (2), 67-83.

Åström, Berit. 2010. “Let’s get those Winchesters pregnant”: Male pregnancy in Supernatural fan fiction. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Bruce, Melissa N. 2010. The Impala as negotiator of melodrama and masculinity in Supernatural. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Chan, Suzette. 2010. Supernatural bodies: Writing subjugation and resistance onto Sam and Dean Winchester. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Felschow, Laura. 2010. “Hey, check it out, there’s actually fans”: (Dis)empowerment and (mis)representation of cult fandom in Supernatural. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Flegel, Monica, and Jenny Roth. 2010. Annihilating love and heterosexuality without women: Romance, generic difference, and queer politics in Supernatural fan fiction. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Freund, Katharina. 2010. “I’m glad we got burned, think of all the things we learned”: Fandom conflict and context in Counteragent’s “Still Alive.” Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Gray, Melissa. 2010. From canon to fanon and back again: The epic journey of Supernatural and its fans. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

McGuire, Ann and David Buchbinder. 2010. The Forensic Gothic: Knowledge, the Supernatural, and the Psychic Detective. Canadian Review of American Studies 40, (3), 289-307.

Noone, Kristin. 2010. What are little ghouls made of? The Supernatural family, fandom, and the problem of Adam. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Petersen, Line Nybro. 2010. Renegotiating religious imaginations through transformations of “banal religion” in Supernatural. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Schmidt, Lisa. 2010. Monstrous melodrama: Expanding the scope of melodramatic identification to interpret negative fan responses to Supernatural. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Sivarajan, Deepa. 2010. Tlön, fandom, and source text: The effect of fan works on the narrative of Supernatural. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Stein, Louisa Ellen. 2010. “What you don’t know”: Supernatural fan vids and millennial theology. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Tosenberger, Catherine. 2010a. Love! Valor! Supernatural! [editorial]. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Tosenberger, Catherine. 2010b. “Kinda like the folklore of its day”: Supernatural, fairy tales, and ostension. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Wilkinson, Jules. 2010. A box of mirrors, a unicorn, and a pony. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.

Zarin, Babak. 2010. Infernal redemption. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.



Theses and Dissertations

Unpublished Academic Works (i.e. Theses & Dissertations)

Bennett, Eve. 2015. “A Man’s End of the World? Gender in Post-9/11 American Apocalyptic Television.” PhD dissertation, De Montfort University.

Boggs, April. 2009. “No Chick Flick Moments: ‘Supernatural’ as a Masculine Narrative.” MA Thesis, Bowling Green State University.

Brennan, Joseph Carl Linden. 2009. “I Am Your Worst Fear, I Am Your Best Fantasy: New Approaches to Slash Fiction.” Honours thesis, Department of Media and Communications, University of Sydney.

Burnell, Aaron. 2011. “Nobody’s Darlings: Reading White Trash in Supernatural.” MA Thesis, Bowling Green State University.

Collier, Cassandra M. 2015. “The Love That Refuses to Speak its Name: Examining Queerbaiting and Fan-Producer Interactions in Fan Cultures.” MA Thesis, University of Louisville.

Dhalqvist, Ingeborg. 2011. “Competitive Talk and the Three Main Characters of Supernatural.” Unpublished manuscript, Mälardalen University.

Fathallah, Judith. 2013. “Changing Discursive Formations from Supernatural: Fanfic and the Legitimation Paradox.” PhD Dissertation, Cardiff University.

Genovese, Megan. 2015. “Boys, Girls, and Monsters: Regulation of Normative Gender in Supernatural.” Honors thesis, Baylor University.

Hampton, Darlene Rose. 2010. “Beyond Resistance: Gender, Performance, and Fannish Practice in Digital Culture.” PhD Dissertation, University of Oregon.

Handley, Christine. 2010. “'Playthings in the Margins of Literature’: Cultural Critique and Rewriting Ideologies in Supernatural and Star Wars Fanfiction.” MA Thesis, Dalhousie University.

Holder, Laura L. 2014. “Common Christs: Christ Figures, American Christianity, and Sacrifice on Cult Television.” PhD Dissertation, University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

Karkanias, Alena. 2014. “The Intra- and Inter-Sub-Community Dynamics of Fandom.” Summer Research. Paper 230.

Karkanias, Alena. 2015. “And the (Fourth) Wall Came Tumbling Down: The Impact of Renegotiating Fan-Creator Relationships on Supernatural.” Summer Research. Paper 248.

Klungnes, Kristina Mariell Dulsrud. 2016. “Driver Picks the Music” - Supernatural - A Journey With Music as Fuel. MA Thesis, University of Oslo.

Lander, Katherine. 2013. “That’s So Meta: Contemporary Reflexive Television and its Textual Strategies.” MA Thesis, DePaul University.

Lausch, Kayti Adaire. 2013. “The Niche Network: Gender, Genre, and the CW Brand.” MA Thesis, University of Texas at Austin.

Lietz, Michelle. 2016. “Cannibalism in Contact Narratives and the Evolution of the Wendigo.” MA Thesis, Eastern Michigan University.

Macklem, Lisa. 2013. “We’re on This Road Together: The Changing Fan/Producer Relationship in Television as Demonstrated by Supernatural.” MA Thesis, University of Western Ontario.

Turner, Emily 2006. Scary just got sexy' The pleasure of transgression in the creative Supernatural fandom. Honours research project. School of Creative Arts. University of Melbourne.

Vermeer, Alicia Suzanne. 2014. “Searching for God: Portrayals of Religion on Television.” MA Thesis, University of Iowa.

Wickersham, Alexandra. 2014. “Mothers, Martyrs, Damsels, and Demons: Women in Western Horror from Romanticism to the Modern Age.” ESSAI: Vol. 12, Article 36.

Yerima, Adam Kem, "Saving Innocents: Tracing The Human Monster Hunter’s Hetero-Normative Agenda From The 1970s To Today" (2016). Wayne State University Dissertations. 1608.