Academic Books and Articles

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Supernatural and our fandom has become a subject of academic interest with a number of books and articles published on a variety of aspects of both.

For shorter fan writings in this area see Meta Essays

Books

2021

2020

  • Supernatural Out of the Box
  • Howell, Charlotte E. (2020). Divine Programming: Negotiating Christianity in American Dramatic Television Production 1996-2016. Oxford University Press.

2019

  • Death in Supernatural
  • Bennett, Eve. 2019. Gender in Post-9/11 American Apocalyptic Television: Representations of Masculinity and Femininity at the End of the World. New York: Bloomsbury.

2017

  • Booth, Paul and Isabella Menichiello (eds). 2017. Time Lords & Tribbles, Winchesters and Muggles: The DePaul Pop Culture Conference. Self published by Booth and Menichiello.
  • Fathallah, Judith May. 2017. Fanfiction and the Author: How Fanfic Changes Popular Culture Texts. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
  • Langley, Travis and Lynn Zubernis (eds). 2017. Supernatural Psychology: Roads Less Traveled. Sterling Publishing.

2016

  • Booth, Paul. 2016. Crossing Fandoms: SuperWhoLock and the Contemporary Fan Audience. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan; PDF preview
  • Edmundson, Melissa (ed). 2016. The Gothic Tradition in Supernatural: Essays on the Television Series. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
  • Wright, Julia M. 2016. Men with stakes: Masculinity and the Gothic in US Television. Manchester University Press.

2014

2013

2012

2011

2009

2007

Individual Chapters in Edited Volumes

2021

  • Going, Mary. 2021. "Playing Detective: Gothic Perspectives and Police Procedurals in the CW's Supernatural." In Policing the Monstrous: Essays on the Supernatural Crime Procedural, edited by Ashley Szanter. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
  • Mudaliar, Meghna. 2021. "An Ecofeminist Response to Bill Potts and Charlie Bradbury." In Queering Doctor Who and Supernatural, edited by Douglas A. Vakoch. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003153047

2020

  • Giordano, Valeria. 2020. "Swearwords in Supernatural: The Role of the Patronage in Audiovisual Translation." In Reception Studies and Adaptation: A Focus on Italy, edited by Giulia Magazzù, Valentina Rossi, Angela Sileo. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • McCracken, Allison. 2020. "Going Down the Rabbit Hole: An Interview with Amanda Brennan, Head of Content Insights and Social, Tumblr." In a Tumblr Book: Platform and Cultures, edited by Allison McCracken, Alexander Cho, Louisa Stein, and Indira Neill Hoch, editors. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, E-book: https://doi.org/10.3998/mpub.11537055

2019

  • Beeler, Karin. 2019. "Hunting for the branded body in Supernatural." In Tattoos in Crime and Detective Narratives: Marking and Remarking, eds. Kate Watson and Katharine Cox. Manchester University Press.
  • Chin, Bertha. 2019. "When Hated Characters Talk Back: Twitter, Hate, and Fan/Celebrity Interactions." In Anti-Fandom: Dislike and Hate in the Digital Age, edited by Melissa Click, 291-314. New York: NYU Press.
  • George, Jessica. 2019. 'Some Normal, Apple-pie Life': Gendering Home in Supernatural. In Gender and Contemporary Horror in Television (Emerald Studies in Popular Culture and Gender, Volume 2), eds. Steven Gerrard, Samantha Holland, Robert Shail, 187-199. Emerald Publishing Limited.
  • Graves, Stephanie A. (2019, in press). "The Transtextual Road Trip: Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Supernatural, and Televisual Forebears." In Transmediating the Whedonverses: Essays on Text, Paratext, and Metatext, edited by Julie L. Hawk and Juliette C. Kitchens, Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Howell, Linda. 2019. Supernatural's Winchester Gospel: A Fantastic Midrash. In The Sacred in Fantastic Fandom: Essays on the Intersection of Religion and Pop Culture. Edited by Carole M. Cusack, John W. Morehead and Venetia L.D. Robertson. Jefferson: McFarland, pp. 49-65.
  • Roach, Emily E. 2019. "Supernatural: Wincest and Dean Winchester's Bisexual Panic." Queerbaiting and Fandom: Teasing Fans through Homoerotic Possibilities, edited by Joseph Brennan. University of Iowa Press.
  • Ronnenberg, Susan Cosby. 2019. "So Many Chick Flick Moments: Dean Winchester's Centrifugal Evolution." In Gender and Contemporary Horror in Television (Emerald Studies in Popular Culture and Gender, Volume 2), eds. Steven Gerrard, Samantha Holland, Robert Shail, 131-147. Emerald Publishing Limited.
  • Rose, Jonathan A. 2019. Breaking the Scales: Refusal, Excess, and the Fat Male Body in Supernatural and Harry Potter Fan Fiction. In Representing Kink: Fringe Sexuality and Textuality in Literature, Digital Narrative and Popular Culture, edited by Sara K. Howe and Susan E. Cook. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books.

2018

  • Stein, Louisa. 2018. "Of Spinoffs and Spinning Off." In A Companion to Media Fandom and Fan Studies, edited by Paul Booth, 401-413. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  • Zubernis, L., & Larson, K. 2018. Make space for us! Fandom in the real world. In A Companion to Media Fandom and Fan Studies, edited by Paul Booth, 145-161. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

2017

  • Askwith, Ivan, Britta Lundin, and Aja Romano. 2017. "Industry/Fan Relations: A Conversation." In The Routledge Companion to Media Fandom, edited by Melissa A. Click and Suzanne Scott, 365–378. New York: Routledge.
  • Booth, Paul and Isabella Menichiello (eds). 2017. Part III: A Celebration of Supernatural. Time Lords & Tribbles, Winchesters & Muggles: The DePaul Pop Culture Conference: A Five-Year Retrospective. https://communication.depaul.edu/academics/research/publications/Pages/booth-time-lords.aspx
  • George, Jessica. 2017. "'The Monster at the End of This Book': Authorship and Monstrosity in Supernatural." In Monsters and Monstrosity in 21st-Century Film and Television, eds. Cristina Artenie and Ashley Szanter, Universitas Press. https://www.academia.edu/32103362/_The_Monster_at_the_End_of_This_Book_Authorship_and_Monstrosity_in_Supernatural
  • Re, Valentina. 2017. "The Monster at the End of This Book: Metalepsis, Fandom, and World Making in Contemporary TV Series." In World Building, edited by Marta Boni, 321-342, Amsterdam University Press, Amsterdam. https://www.oapen.org/search?identifier=1004106
  • Sell, Christian and Sevenja Taubner. 2017. "Carry on Wayward Son: Supernatural als gottverlassene Suche nach dem richtigen Leben." In Von Game of Thrones bis The Walking Dead, eds. Timo Storck and Svenja Taubner. Berlin: Springer.

2016

  • Booth, Paul and Lucy Bennett. 2016. "Interview with Emily Perkins, Actor in Supernatural." In Seeing Fans: Representations of Fandom in Media and Popular Culture, eds. Paul Booth and Lucy Bennett. London: Bloomsbury.
  • Booth Paul. 2016. "Supernatural Fandom: The Fandom Business." Crossing Fandoms. Palgrave Macmillan, London.
  • Larsen, Katherine and Lynn Zubernis. 2016. "We See You (Sort of): Representations of Fans on Supernatural." In Seeing Fans: Representations of Fandom in Media and Popular Culture, eds. Paul Booth and Lucy Bennett. London: Bloomsbury.

2015

2014

  • Fuchs, Michael. 2014. "'Three hundred channels and nothing's on': Metaleptic Genre-Mixing in Supernatural," in Critical Reflections on Audience and Narrativity: New Connections, New Perspectives, eds. Bianca Mitu, Silvia Branea, and Valentina Marinescu. Hanover: ibidem-Verlag.
  • Macklem, Lisa. 2014. "From Monstrous Mommies to Hunting Heroines: The Evolution of Women on Supernatural." In The Canadian Fantastic in Focus: New Perspectives, edited by Allan Weiss. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.

2013

  • Graham. Anissa M. 2013. "A New Kind of Pandering: Supernatural and the World of Fanfiction." Fan CULTure: Essays on Participatory Fandom in the 21st Century, eds. Kristin M. Barton and Jonathan M. Lampley. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
  • Stein, Louisa Ellen. 2013. "#Bowdown to Your New God: Misha Collins and Decentered Authorship in the Digital Age." In A Companion to Media Authorship, eds. Jonathan Gray and Derek Johnson. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Wilkinson, Jules. 2013. "The Epic Love Story of Supernatural and Fanfic." Fic: Why Fanfiction Is Taking Over the World, edited by Anne Jamison. https://www.wattpad.com/40308458-fic-why-fanfiction-is-taking-over-the-world-the

2012

  • Fuchs, Michael. 2012. "Play it Again, Sam ... and Dean: Temporality and Meta-Textuality in Supernatural." In Time in Television Narrative: Exploring Temporality in Twenty-First-Century Programming, edited by Melissa Ames. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
  • Klein, Michael J. and Kristi L. Shackelford. 2012. "'Hey Sammy, We're Not in Kansas Anymore': The Frontier Motif in Supernatural." In Undead in the West: Vampires, Zombies, Mummies, and Ghosts on the Cinematic Frontier, eds. Cynthia J. Miller and A. Bowdoin Van Riper. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.

2011

  • Freim, Nicole. 2011. "I'll Take Our Family Over Normal Any Day: Supernatural's Commentary on the Modern American Family." In Bound by Love: Familial Bonding in Film and Television since 1950, edited by Laura Mattoon D'Amore. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • Fuchs, Michael. 2011. "Trapped in TV Land: Encountering the Hyperreal in Supernatural." In Simulation in Media and Culture: Believing the Hype, edited by Robin DeRosa. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

2009

  • Murphy, Caryn. 2008. "A Joint (Ad)Venture: The CW Network and the Youth Market." In The Business of Entertainment: Volume III, Television, edited by Robert C. Sickels, 17-33. Praeger.

Peer Reviewed Academic Articles

2021

2020

2019

  • Leetal, D. B. 2019. Those Crazy Fangirls on the Internet: Activism of Care, Disability and Fan Fiction. Canadian Journal of Disability Studies, 8(2), 45-72. https://doi.org/10.15353/cjds.v8i2.491

2018

  • Brennan, Joseph. 2018. "Queerbaiting: The 'Playful' Possibilities of Homoeroticism." International Journal of Cultural Studies 21: 189-206. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1367877916631050
  • "Special Issue: Queerbaiting," edited by Joseph Brennan, Journal of Fandom Studies, 6:2.
  • Bourdaa, Mélanie., Cornillon, Claire., & Wells-Lassagne, Shannon. 2018. Introduction: Investigating The CW. Series - International Journal of TV Serial Narratives, 4(2), 5-8. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.2421-454X/8809
  • Cardin, M. 2018. The "Problem" of Male Friendship in Supernatural and Its Fan Fiction. Sic, (1 - Year 9). https://doi.org/10.15291/SIC/1.9.LC.4
  • Favard, Florent. 2018. Angels, demons and whatever comes next: the storyworld dynamics of Supernatural. Series - International Journal of TV Serial Narratives, 4(2), 19-26. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.2421-454X/8164
  • Fuchs, Michael. 2018. Transgression -- identification -- interaction: Blu-ray bonus features and Supernatural's cult status. The Journal of Popular Television. 6: 303-322. https://doi.org/10.1386/jptv.6.3.303_1
  • Hautsch, Jessica. 2018. "The Rhetorical Affordance of GIFs by Tumblr's Supernatural Fandom." Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 27. http://dx.doi.org/10.3983/twc.2018.1165.
  • Jacobs, Naomi. 2018. "Live Streaming as Participation: A Case Study of Conflict in the Digital/Physical Spaces of Supernatural Conventions." Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 28. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2018.1393
  • Joseph, Charles. 2018. The CW Arrowverse and myth-making, or the commodification of transmedia franchising. Series - International Journal of TV Serial Narratives, 4(2), 27-45. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.2421-454X/8177
  • Kemerly, Tony and Trisha Kemerly. 2018. A Supernatural Tale of Agency, Othering, and Oppression: The Road So Far. Popular Culture Review 29.1.
  • Kies, Bridget. 2018. "The Ex-Fan's Place in Fan Studies." Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 28. http://dx.doi.org/10.3983/twc.2018.1402
  • Le Fèvre-Berthelot, Anais. 2018. Gossip Girl and The CW: defining a new network. (You're nobody until you're talked about). Series - International Journal of TV Serial Narratives, 4(2), 9-18. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.2421-454X/8190
  • Popova, Milena. 2018. 'Dogfuck rapeworld': Omegaverse fanfiction as a critical tool in analyzing the impact of social power structures on intimate relationships and sexual consent. Porn Studies, DOI: 10.1080/23268743.2017.1394215
  • Sanseverino, Gabriela Gruszynski, and Ana Cláudia Gruszynski. 2018. "Super-wiki: um olhar sobre cultura da convergência, inteligência coletiva e cultura participativa a partir do seriado supernatural." Mídia e Cotidiano: revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Mídia e Cotidiano. Niterói, RJ. Niterói, RJ: UFF. Vol. 12, n. 2, p. 51-68. http://hdl.handle.net/10183/182183
  • Scott, Suzanne. 2018. "Towards A Theory of Producer/Fan Trolling." Participations: International Journal of Audience Research 15: 143-159.

2017

2016

2015

  • Benecchi, Eleonora. 2015. "Online Italian Fandoms of American TV Shows." Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 19. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2015.0586
  • Blake, Linnie. 2015. All Hell Breaks Loose: Supernatural, Gothic Neo-Liberalism and the American Self. Horror Studies, 6: 225-238.
  • Cornillon, Claire. 2015. "Previously on Supernatural." Revue française des sciences de l'information et de la communication: 7. http://journals.openedition.org/rfsic/1700
  • Gonçalves, Diana. 2015. Popping (it) up: Popular Culture in Supernatural. Diffractions 4.
  • Nam, Myoung Hee, and Eun-Soon You. 2015. "Case Study of Video Work Connecting with Fans: Supernatural the TV Series Making Full Use of Convention." Journal of Digital Contents Society 16: 145-55. https://doi.org/10.9728/dcs.2015.16.1.145
  • Schultz, Matthew. 2015. "Teaching Multimodal Short Fiction: A Supernatural Gothic Tale." Eureka Studies in Teaching Short Fiction, vol. 11/12: 60.
  • van de Goor, Sophie Charlotte. 2015. "'You Must Be New Here': Reinforcing the Good Fan". Participations: International Journal of Audience Research 12(2): 275-295.

2014

2013

  • Busse, Kristina. 2013. Geek hierarchies, boundary policing, and the gendering of the good fan. Participations: International Journal of Audience Research 10(1): 73-91.
  • Howell, Charlotte E. 2013. The Gospel of the Winchesters (And Their Fans): Neoreligious Fan Practices and Narrative in Supernatural. Kinephanos 4:1.
  • Schmidt, Lisa. 2013. "Television: Horror's 'Original' Home." Horror Studies 4: 159-171.
  • Valenzano III, Joseph. M. and Erika Engstrom. 2013. "Homilies and Horsemen: Revelation in the CW's Supernatural." Journal of Communication & Religion, vol. 36: 50-72.

2012

2011

  • [tk]

2010

  • "Saving People, Hunting Things," edited by Catherine Tosenberger, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4.
    • Åström, Berit. 2010. "Let's get those Winchesters pregnant": Male pregnancy in Supernatural fan fiction. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0135
    • Bruce, Melissa N. 2010. The Impala as negotiator of melodrama and masculinity in Supernatural. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0154
    • Chan, Suzette. 2010. "Supernatural bodies: Writing subjugation and resistance onto Sam and Dean Winchester." Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0179
    • Felschow, Laura E. 2010. "'Hey, check it out, there's actually fans': (Dis)empowerment and (Mis)representation of Cult Fandom in Supernatural." Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0134
    • Flegel, Monica, and Jenny Roth. 2010. Annihilating love and heterosexuality without women: Romance, generic difference, and queer politics in Supernatural fan fiction. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0133
    • Freund, Katharina. 2010. "'I'm glad we got burned, think of all the things we learned': Fandom conflict and context in Counteragent's 'Still Alive.'" Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0187.
    • Gray, Melissa. 2010. "From canon to fanon and back again: The epic journey of Supernatural and its fans." Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0146
    • Noone, Kristin. 2010. "What are little ghouls made of? The Supernatural family, fandom, and the problem of Adam." Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0136
    • Petersen, Line Nybro. 2010. Renegotiating religious imaginations through transformations of "banal religion" in Supernatural. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0142
    • Schmidt, Lisa. 2010. Monstrous melodrama: Expanding the scope of melodramatic identification to interpret negative fan responses to Supernatural. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0152
    • Sivarajan, Deepa. 2010. "Tlön, fandom, and source text: The effect of fan works on the narrative of Supernatural." Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0171
    • Stein, Louisa Ellen. 2010. "What you don't know": Supernatural fan vids and millennial theology. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0192
    • Tosenberger, Catherine. 2010. "Love! Valor! Supernatural!" [editorial]. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0212
    • Tosenberger, Catherine. 2010. "Kinda like the folklore of its day": Supernatural, fairy tales, and ostension. Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0174
    • Wilkinson, Jules. 2010. "A box of mirrors, a unicorn, and a pony." Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0159
    • Zarin, Babak. 2010. "Infernal redemption." Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2010.0156
  • Engstrom, Erika, and Joseph M. Valenzano, III. 2010. Demon hunters and hegemony: Portrayal of religion on the CW's Supernatural. Journal of Media and Religion 9: 67-83.
  • McGuire, Ann and David Buchbinder. 2010. The Forensic Gothic: Knowledge, the Supernatural, and the Psychic Detective. Canadian Review of American Studies 40: 289-307.

2009

  • [tk]


2008

Unrefereed Manuscripts (i.e. Theses & Dissertations)

2021

  • Thebault, Marguerite. 2021, "The complex relationship between TV producers and Slash fans as demonstrated by Supernatural." Master's Thesis, Rennes 2 University. [1]

2020

2019

  • Anderson, Chrisha. 2019. Women in Online Science Fiction Fandoms: Perceived Impact on Psychological Well-Being. PhD Dissertation, Advanced Studies in Human Behavior, Capella University.
  • Barone, Tessa. 2019. "Just Go Find Yourself a Nice Alpha: Gender and Consent in Supernatural Fandom's Alpha/Beta/Omega Universe." Honors College Thesis, Oregon State University. [2]
  • Brala, Nikolina. 2019. "The Representation of Female Characters in the CW's Supernatural." Undergraduate Thesis, Department of English, University of Zadar, Croatia. https://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:892975
  • Nenou, Stergiani. "The Representation of Fandom in Supernatural." Master's Program in English and American Studies. Master of Arts. Department of Philosophy School of English Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. n.d. http://ikee.lib.auth.gr/record/305389/files/GRI-2019-24432.pdf
  • Trudeau, Cassidy. 2019. "Freedom to Fall: Milton's Christ, Supernatural's Castiel, and the Secularity of Choice." Undergraduate Research Awards, Hollins University. https://digitalcommons.hollins.edu/researchawards/52
  • Takamäki, Topi. 2019. "The Road So Far": Supernatural as an American Road Narrative. MA Thesis, School of Marketing and Communication, University of Vaasa. https://osuva.uwasa.fi/handle/10024/9567

2018

  • Cantrell, Jacquee D. 2018. "From Fan Fiction to Television: Slash Fan Fiction, the Fandom, and Affecting the Source Material." Honors Theses, Eastern Kentucky University. https://encompass.eku.edu/honors_theses/5177
  • Chiu, W. [招詠琳]. 2018. The gender politics of supernatural : slash fan fictions and the power dynamic in fan/producers relationship. MA Thesis, Department of Literary and Cultural Studies, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. http://hdl.handle.net/10722/265871
  • Golomb, Liorah. 2018. 'Let's Go Gank Ourselves a Paris Hilton' A Textual Analysis of the Dialogue of Supernatural (the First 10 Years). SHAREOK. https://hdl.handle.net/11244/317082
  • Hatchell, Russ Eugene. 2018. Sci-fi TV in the Great White North: the development of Vancouver as a science fiction media capital. MA Thesis, Radio-Television-Film, University of Texas at Austin. http://hdl.handle.net/2152/72746
  • Johansson, Emelie. 2018. Up against Good, Evil, Destiny, and God himself. Bachelor Thesis, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Dalarna University. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:du-27069
  • Koehm, Diana. 2018. "Revision as Resistance: Fanfiction as an Empowering Community for Female and Queer Fans." Honors Scholar Theses, University of Connecticut. https://opencommons.uconn.edu/srhonors_theses/604

2017

2016

2015

2014

2013

  • Double, Krystalle. 2013. Female Roles and Fan Fiction in Charmed, Supernatural, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer. BA honors thesis, Western Michigan University.
  • Fathallah, Judith. 2013. "Changing Discursive Formations from Supernatural: Fanfic and the Legitimation Paradox." PhD Dissertation, Journalism, Media and Culture, Cardiff University. http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/58900
  • Ireland, Brian. 2013. ""All I saw was evil": Supernatural's Reactionary Road Trip." American Studies Today: 14. http://www.americansc.org.uk/Online/Online_2013/Supernatural.html
  • Lander, Katherine. 2013. "That's So Meta: Contemporary Reflexive Television and its Textual Strategies." MA Thesis, Department of Media and Cinema Studies, DePaul University. http://via.library.depaul.edu/cmnt/18
  • Lausch, Kayti Adaire. 2013. "The Niche Network: Gender, Genre, and the CW Brand." MA Thesis, Department of Radio-Television-Film, University of Texas at Austin. http://hdl.handle.net/2152/22453
  • Macklem, Lisa. 2013. "We're on This Road Together: The Changing Fan/Producer Relationship in Television as Demonstrated by Supernatural." MA Thesis, Department of Media Studies, University of Western Ontario. http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/1748

2012

2011

2010

  • Grobisen, Hannah. 2010. "The Winchester Gospel: The 'Supernatural' Fandom as a Religion." CMC Senior Theses, Intercollegiate Media Studies, Claremont Colleges. https://scholarship.claremont.edu/cmc_theses/2010/
  • Hampton, Darlene Rose. 2010. "Beyond Resistance: Gender, Performance, and Fannish Practice in Digital Culture." PhD Dissertation, Department of English, University of Oregon. http://hdl.handle.net/1794/11070
  • Handley, Christine. 2010. "'Playthings in the Margins of Literature': Cultural Critique and Rewriting Ideologies in Supernatural and Star Wars Fanfiction." MA Thesis, Department of English, Dalhousie University. http://hdl.handle.net/10222/13027
  • Long, Britt Eira Nicole. 2010. "Wincest Wincest is the best, or, Raep is what happens when you say no: Subversive humor and serious business in 'Capslock_Spn'" MA Thesis, Department of English, University of California, Davis.

2009

2006

  • Turner, Emily 2006. 'Scary just got sexy' The pleasure of transgression in the creative Supernatural fandom. Honours research project. School of Creative Arts. University of Melbourne.

Conference Presentations

A

  • Abbot, Stacy. All Mirth and No Matter': The Comic Legacy of Angel from Supernatural to Much Ado about Nothing." Paper presented at SCW6: Much Ado About Whedon: The 6th Biennial Slayage Conference on the Whedonverses, California State University -- Sacramento, Sacramento, CA, 19-22 June 2014.
  • Aker, Laurena, Karla Truxall, Rachel Dean, and Galen Foresman. “Saving People: Supernatural and Social Issues.” Panel discussion at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.
  • ___. and Kimberly Prior. “Sparking a Superfandom: Common Elements in the Twilight and Supernatural Success Stories.” Paper presentation at the 39th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 7-10 February 2018.
  • Al-Tabaa, Najwa and Katherine Shaffer. “The Apolitics of Supernatural: Trapped in Escapistland.” Paper presented at the 40th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 13-17, March 2019.
  • Armstrong, Breanne. "Revisiting Representation: A Retrospective Analysis of Fan Reactions to Depictions of Fandom on Supernatural." Paper presented at the 32nd International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 16-20, March 2011.
  • Åström, Berit. “It Takes a Real Man to Have a Baby.” Paper presented at the Textual Echoes Symposium, Umeå, Sweden, February 11–13, 2010.
  • ___. "Displacing the mother: Supernatural male pregnancy fan fiction." Paper presented at the 34th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 20-24, March 2013.]
  • Ayers, Meredith. “Myth and Folklore vs. Hollywood in the Supernatural TV series.” Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.
  • ___. “Supernatural: Season 1 and Urban Legends.” Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 8-11 February 2012.

B

  • Barker, Cory. “Sam Girls and Dean Girls -- Anti-fan fans in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.
  • Baughman, Linda. “I Broke-up with Supernatural: Pleasure, Pain, and Romantic Narratives.” Paper presented at the 2016 PCA/ACA National Conference, Seattle, WA, 22-25 March 2016.
  • Benecchi, Eleonora. “Real power can’t be given. It must be taken: Exploring the interplay of power and control between fans and producers of a cult text through time and space.” Paper presented at the Fan Studies Network Conference. Regents University, London, UK, 26-28 September 2014.
  • Bernhardt, Laura. “Blue-collar Kantians in a Fallen World: The Lessons of Moral Failure in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 35th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 19-22, February 2014.
  • ___. “Here’s Looking At You, Dean: Gaze as Character Development in the Directorial Work of Kim Manners on Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 37th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 10-13, February 2016.
  • Boehme, Tim. “Gods ... They’re Just Like Us!: Hardworking Hunters, Demons, and Deities in Supernatural and in Neil Gaiman’s The Sandman.” Paper presented at the 2013 Midwest PCA/ACA Annual Conference, St. Louis, MO, 11-13 October 2013.
  • Boulware, Taylor. “’They Do Know We’re Brothers, Right?’: Supernatural, The Vampire Diaries, and Male Homosocial Desire.” Paper presentation at the 34th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 13-16, February 2013.
  • Brecke, Anna. "Where Have All the Buffys Gone? Anti-feminist Backlash and Enlightened Sexism on Supernatural and Grimm." Paper presented at the 24th Annual Mid-Atlantic PCA/ACA Conference, Atlantic City, NJ, 7-9 November 2013.
  • Broussard, Lydia and Adam Leader Smith. “’That Hell-Bitch is Practically Family!’: Supernatural as Masculine Soap Opera.” Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 8-11 February 2012.
  • Bruce, Melissa. “The Threat of Homosocial Desire in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.
  • ___. “Supernatural, Liminality, and Shifting Relationships.” Paper presented at the 2012 PCA/ACA National Conference, Boston, MA, 11-14 April 2012.
  • ___. "The Impala and Serenity: Representations of Gender through Maintenance in Supernatural and Firefly." Paper presented at the 2013 PCA/ACA National Conference, Washington, D.C., 27-30 March 2013.
  • ___. “Questions of Home: Supernatural, Baby, and the Experience of Mobile Space.” Paper presentation at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • Burkhead, Cynthia. “Ned Beatty time, man:” the South as Demon in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2013 PCA/ACA National Conference, Washington, D.C., 27-30 March 2013.
  • Burnett, Tamy L. "Martyred Mothers, Demon(ized) Mistresses, and Dead Female Friends: Visions of American Masculinities in Post-Grrrl Power Cult Television's Angel and Supernatural." Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.

C

  • Chin, Bertha. 2015. ‘“Orlando Jones Needs to GTFO of Our Fandom”: Supernatural Conventions and Gate-Keeping’. Paper presented at the Popular Culture Association of Australia and New Zealand Conference, Massey University, Wellington, June 29-July 1.
  • Cole, Shannon. “The "Profound Bond" between Power and Pleasure: Fanservice in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2012 PCA/ACA National Conference, Boston, MA, 11-14 April 2012.
  • ___. and KT Torrey. “Fuck You, Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 26th Annual Mid-Atlantic PCA/ACA Conference, Philadelphia, PA, 5-7 November 2015.
  • Collins, Margo. “’I’m a Posse Magnet’: Dean Winchester as Fanboy and the Metatextual Mediation of Fan Desire in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 34th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 13-16, February 2013.
  • Compora, Daniel. “Gothic, Folk, and Religious Traditions in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2015 Midwest PCA/ACA Annual Conference, Cincinnati, OH, 1-4 October 2015.
  • Cornillon, Claire. 2020. À propos de quelques épisodes en huis clos dans Supernatural. Delphine Gachet; Florence Plet-Nicolas; Natacha Vas Deyres. Voyages intérieurs et espaces clos dans les domaines de l’imaginaire (littérature, cinéma, transmédias), XIXe-XXIe siècles, "Le Fil à retordre." hal-02882495
  • Cornillon, Claire. “Previously on Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2015 PCA/ACA National Conference, New Orleans, LA, 1-4 April 2015.
  • Cross, Jennifer, Kate Lansky, Mark Oshiro, Anne Petersen, and Erin Tipton. “Problematic Tropes in and of Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.
  • Currie, James Anding. "'I thought angels were supposed to be guardians...not dicks': Supernatural as a Symbol of Secular Humanism." Paper presented at the 34th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 20-24, March 2013.

D

  • Davisson, Amber, Candace R. Benefiel, Courtney Neal, and Patrick Smith. “Panel: Hunting Things: Monsters in Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.
  • de la Torre, Eluzabeth. “The Power to Prevent the Apocalypse in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 34th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 13-16, February 2013.
  • DelNero, Michael. “All too Human: Redeeming Life in Sanctuary and Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2013 PCA/ACA National Conference, Washington, D.C., 27-30 March 2013.
  • Dessart, Jamie. “The World's Going to End Bloody": Teaching The Dresden Files and TV's Supernatural at a Christian College.” Paper presented at the 2015 PCA/ACA National Conference, New Orleans, LA, 1-4 April 2015.
  • D’mello, Geri. “The True-Fan Phenomenon: Supernatural’s Self-Censoring Fandom.” Paper presentation at the 37th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 10-13, February 2016.
  • Duncan, Alexis. “’I Can Dig Elvis’: Destiel and the Shipper’s Canon.” Paper presentation at the 37th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 10-13, February 2016.

E

  • Ebarb, Samantha. “Carry on My Wayward Fandom: An Exploration of Supernatural’s Marketing Strategies.” Paper presentation at the 39th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 7-10 February 2018.
  • England, Emma. “Fans as Biblical Critics: Pushing the Boundaries of Fan Studies.” Paper presented at the 2012 PCA/ACA National Conference, Boston, MA, 11-14 April 2012.
  • Escamilla, Marianita. “The Rise of the Nerd: The Need for Men of Letters in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 39th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 7-10 February 2018.

F

  • Felschow, Laura, Kristin Noone, Margaret Selinger, and Louisa Stein. “It Goes Both Ways: Fans and Producers.” Panel discussion at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.
  • Fisher, Carlton. “Mother Mary On The Cross: Supernatural's Use of Matriarchal Imagery in Christian Religious Symbolism.” Paper presented at the 2012 PCA/ACA National Conference, Boston, MA, 11-14 April 2012.
  • Fowler, Charity. “Redemptive Resistance: Fan Videos and the Eroticization of the Brotherly Bond.” Paper presented at the 2013 PCA/ACA National Conference, Washington, D.C., 27-30 March 2013.
  • Fox, Melissa Tyndall. "Ganking Peter Pan: How Sam and Dean Have ‘Full-on Swayze-d’ Generational Stereotypes.” Paper presentation at the 34th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 13-16, February 2013.

G

  • George, Susan A. “Drivin' Down the Highway: Supernatural, U.S. Car Culture, and the Masculinity of Dean Winchester.” Paper presented at the 35th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 19-23, March 2014.
  • Giannini, Erin. “’There's nothing more dangerous than some a-hole who thinks he's on a holy mission’: Using and (Dis)-Abusing Religious and Economic Authority on Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.
  • ___. “’This Isn’t Wall Street, this is Hell!’ Corporate America as the Biggest Bad of All.” Paper presentation at the 34th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 13-16, February 2013.
  • ___. “’Our Quality of Life Is Crap’: Supernatural, Roseanne, and the Horrors of Socioeconomic Erasure.” Paper presentation at the 36th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 11-14, February 2015.
  • ___, Mandy Taylor, Susan Nylander, Gina Hanson, and Elisa Urmston. “Music, Moves, and Moods: Musical Rhetoric and Narrativity in Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 36th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 11-14, February 2015.
  • ___, Mandy Taylor, Gina Hanson, Susan Nylander, and Elisa Urmston. “Rockin’ Down the Highway: The Music of Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 37th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 10-13, February 2016.
  • Gilbert, Anne. “Hate the Demon, Not the Woman it’s Inside: Audiences, Misogyny, and Supernatural.” Paper presented at Society for Cinema and Media Studies, Los Angeles, CA, 17-21 March 2010.
  • Going, Mary. “My Brother’s Keeper: Examining the horror of Cain and Abel in CW’s Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 15th International Gothic Association Conference, Romeoville, IL, 30 July -- 2 August 2019.
  • Goldmann, Julia Elena. “Theorizing Producer-Fan-Interaction: Supernatural and Richard Johnson’s Circuit of Culture.” Paper presented at the Fan Studies Network Conference. University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK, 28-29 June 2019.
  • Gordon, Rebecca Stone. “Beyond salt and fire: the agency of human remains in the Supernatural Universe.” Paper presented at the 2013 PCA/ACA National Conference, Washington, D.C., 27-30 March 2013.
  • ___, and Stephanie Flint. "Brotherly Love Will Keep Us Together: A Roundtable on Gender, Sexuality, Monstrosity, Metafiction, and More in the CW series Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 28th Annual Mid-Atlantic PCA/ACA Conference, Philadelphia, PA, 9-11 November 2017.
  • Grace, Dominick and Lisa Macklem. “Following a Creator/Creating Followers: Authors/Audiences in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2019 PCA/ACA National Conference, Washington, D.C., 17-20 April 2019.
  • Grandprey, Heather. “Power of the People: Audience as Creator in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 35th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 19-22, February 2014.
  • Graves, Stephanie. "'Writing yourself into the story is one thing, but as a prophet? That's like M. Night level douchiness!': Supernatural, Self-referentiality, and the Triumph of the Meta." Paper presented at Popular Culture Association of the South Conference, New Orleans, LA, 5-8 October 2011.
  • ___. "You're an affront to the balance of the universe': Sam and Dean Winchester as Grotesques." Paper presented at the 2013 PCA/ACA National Conference, Washington, D.C., 27-30 March 2013.
  • ___. “The Queer Bait-and-Switch: Supernatural, Representation, and Queerbaiting.” Paper presentation at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • ___. “‘Put as much ‘sub’ into that ‘text’ as you possibly can’: Supernatural, Representation, and Queerbaiting.” Paper presented at the Popular Culture Association in the South, New Orleans, LA, 4-8 October 2018.
  • Grosse, Patricia L. "Suffering Nuclear Reactors: Depictions of Soul from Plato to Supernatural." Paper presented at the 34th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 20-24, March 2013.
  • ___. "Time Travel and Borrowed Faces: Theories of Time in Supernatural, Doctor Who, and Augustine." Paper presented at the 36th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 18-22 March 2015.
  • ___. "Checking the Lore: Resurrection Narratives and Leaky Spaces in Plato and Supernatural." Paper presented at the 37th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 16-20, March 2016.
  • ___. "Killing Fathers: Mythopoesis (not Mythology) in The Walking Dead and Supernatural." Paper presented at the 38th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 22-26, March 2017.

H

  • Hansen, Regina. "Apocalypse as Family Feud: Theology and Sibling Rivalry in Season 5 of Supernatural." Paper presented at the 34th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 20-24, March 2013.
  • Hanson, Gina. “Let Me Guess, Antiquers?: Technology, Heteronormativity, and Natural Domesticity in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 37th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 10-13, February 2016.
  • ___. “Nature, Technology, and Sexual Identity in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • Hardin, Carey. “Jumping the (Profit) Shark: The Political Economy of the Supernatural Fandom.” 17th Cultural Studies Association Conference. New Orleans, LA. 31 May 2019.
  • Harvey, Kolby. “Mapping the Meta-Text: Fan/Creator Power Dynamics in the World of Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 35th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 19-22, February 2014.
  • Hellman-Lohr, Aisha. “Psychopaths? Heroes? Psychopathic Heroes?: A Study of Supernatural's Winchester Brothers.” Paper presentation at the 40th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 20-23 February 2019.
  • Hensen, Ann-Kristin. “Your Truth, Not Mine: The Struggle of Supernatural(-Shippers).” Paper presented at the 2017 PCA/ACA National Conference, San Diego, CA, 12-16 April 2017.
  • Holladay, Holly Willson. “Dare to Defy: Taste Cultures and the Legitimization of the CW.” Paper presented at the 2019 PCA/ACA National Conference, Washington, D.C., 17-20 April 2019.
  • Howell, Charlotte. “God, the Devil, and John Winchester: Failed Patriarchal Families on Supernatural.” Paper presented at Society for Cinema and Media Studies, New Orleans, LA, 10-13 March 2011.
  • ___. "The Gospel of the Winchesters (and Their Fans): Integration of Fan Discourse on Supernatural." Paper presented at the International Conference on Digital Religion, Boulder, CO, 12-15 January 2012.
  • Howell, Linda. “Keep the Fourth Wall in Your Pants: Supernatural's Divinations on Voyeurism, Authorship, Celebrity, and the Non-Future of Network Television.” Paper presentation at the 34th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 13-16, February 2013.
  • ___. “Transgenred: Supernatural’s Transition from Horror/Fantasy to Soap Opera.” Paper presented at the Popular Culture Association in the South, Nashville, TN, 13-15 October 2016.

I

  • tk


J

  • Jordan, Jennifer Lynn. “The Apocalypse Will Be Televised: The Book of Revelation, Medieval Apocalypticism and Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.

K

  • Karkanias, Alena. “And the Fourth Wall Came Tumbling Down: Lessons from Supernatural's Renegotiation of Fan-Creator Relationships.” Paper presented at the 2016 PCA/ACA National Conference, Seattle, WA, 22-25 March 2016.
  • Kies, Bridget. “The Monstrous Male Body: Panic, Possession, and Pregnancy in Supernatural and Its Fandom.” Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 8-11 February 2012.
  • ___. "Lycans and Werewolves and Shifters, Oh My!: Gender- and Genre-Bending in Supernatural and Its Fandom.” Paper presentation at the 36th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 11-14, February 2015.
  • ___, Stephanie Graves, Rhonda Nicol, and Tina Maenpaa. “Men and Women: Gender in Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.
  • Krassenstein, Stephanie. “Queering the Alpha Male Fantasy: Fandom's Solution to Supernatural's Problematic Masculinity.” Paper presented at the 2016 PCA/ACA National Conference, Seattle, WA, 22-25 March 2016.
  • Kulzick, Kate, Jon Clarke. “Podcasting.” Workshop at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.

L

  • Lackner, Eden Lee. "The Author, the Audience, and the Almighty: Supernatural's Chuck Shurley as Metatextual Mirror." Paper presented at the 39th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 14-18, March 2018.
  • Larsen, Kathy, Mika Kennedy, Maureen Ryan, Leah Wilson, and Lynn Zubernis. “Writing about Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.
  • Lewis, Megan. “The Dialogic Flow of Supernatural and Supernatural Fanfiction.” Paper presented at the Popular Culture Association in the South, Nashville, TN, 13-15 October 2016.
  • Love, Jennifer. “No One's Wearing Me to the Prom: Supernatural's Sam and Dean Winchester as Existentialists.” Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.
  • ___. "The Widely Distributed Version's Just For Tourists": Supernatural's Hunter Community as a Knowledge Network. Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 8-11 February 2012.
  • ___. “You’ve Been Garthed: Garth and the Intersection of Narrative Structure and Characterization in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 34th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 13-16, February 2013.
  • ___. “Know When to Fold ‘Em: Rules, Process, and Persuasion in Supernatural’s ‘Pac-Man Fever.’ Paper presentation at the 35th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 19-22, February 2014.
  • ___. “No One Can Talk to a Horse: Transgressing Boundaries and Human-Animal Interactions in Supernatural‘s ‘Dog Dean Afternoon’.” Paper presentation at the 36th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 11-14, February 2015.
  • ___. “She’s Me: Charlie Bradbury, Subjectivity, and the Performance of Identity in Supernatural’s ‘There’s No Place Like Home’.” Paper presentation at the 37th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 10-13, February 2016.
  • ___. “A Little Extra Cushion: Fat and the Abject in Supernatural‘s ‘The Purge’ and Doctor Who’s ‘Partners in Crime’.” Paper presentation at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • ___.Love, Jennifer. “The Computer Told Me: Exploring Data Visualization as a Tool for Critical Analysis of Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 39th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 7-10 February 2018.
  • ___. “Ghost or Shady Real Estate Developer in a Mask?: “Scoobynatural,” Subjectivity, and the Theoretical Third Space.” Paper presentation at the 40th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 20-23 February 2019.
  • Lowe, JSA. “We’ll Always Have Purgatory: Slashing Social Media Spaces and the Supernatural Fandom.” Paper presented at the 2015 PCA/ACA National Conference, New Orleans, LA, 1-4 April 2015.
  • ___. “Notational Erotics: Locating Female Desire in Supernatural Slash Fanfiction.” Paper presentation at the 36th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 11-14, February 2015.
  • ___. “John Winchester’s A+ Parenting: Fandom’s Symbolic Order and Semiotic Chora,” Paper presented at the 2016 PCA/ACA National Conference, Seattle, WA, 22-25 March 2016.
  • ___. “Wayward Daughters, Drunk Prophets, and Fridged Hackers: The Transformative Labor of Supernatural’s Young Female Fandom” Paper presented at the Society for Cinema and Media Studies, Atlanta, GA, 30 March -- 2 April 2016.
  • Lykissas, Alexandra. “Greeking Out: Supernatural and Greek Mythology.” Paper presentation at the 35th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 19-22, February 2014.
  • ___. “Gothic Passions – Then and Now: A post-9/11 examination of the Gothic in the TV show Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 12th biennial conference of the International Gothic Association, Vancouver, BC, 28 July -- 1 August 2015.

M

  • Macklem, Lisa. "Revisiting Old Friends: Playing with Time in Supernatural." Paper presented at Academic Conference on Canadian Science Fiction and Fantasy, Toronto, Canada. June 6, 2009.
  • ___. "The Apocalypse on a Budget: Supernatural's Family Affair." Paper presented at Mythcon, Dallas, TX, 9-12, July 2010.
  • ___. “Weaving the Threads Together: Narrative Strategies in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.
  • ___. “I See What You Did There: Supernatural and the Fourth Wall.” Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 8-11 February 2012.
  • ___. "Mirror, Mirror on the Wall, Who's the Most Monstrous of All?: Supernatural's Monsters." Paper presented at the 33rd International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 21-25, March 2012.
  • ___. "In It for the Long Haul: Showrunning Supernatural." Paper presented at the 34th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 20-24, March 2013.
  • ___. "From Monstrous Mommies to Hunting Heroines: The Evolution of Women on Supernatural." Academic Conference on Canadian Science Fiction and Fantasy Toronto, Ontario June 7-8, 2013.
  • ___. "The Changing Face of Supernatural." Shapeshifters: Transformations, Hybridity, and Identity Inter-Disciplinary.net Athens, Greece November 1-3, 2013.
  • ___. “Empire Under a Full Moon: Retro-Empire Building in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 35th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 19-23, March 2014.
  • ___. "These Aren't the Gods You’re Looking For: Religion in Supernatural." WorldCon (Loncon 3): Academic Track Panel: Fanworks and the Law Chair: Fandom in Fiction London, UK August, 2014.
  • ___. “Supernatural as Slasher.” A Celebration of Slashers, DePaul University, 28 April 2018.
  • Maenpaa, Tina. “Supernatural’s Crowley: The Resurrection of the Vice Figure.” Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 8-11 February 2012.
  • Magee, Sara. “It was Almost Like a Song: The Classic Rock Rhetoric of Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.
  • Maitland, Sarah. “The Thinking Mind: Supernatural and the Miltonic Satan.” Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.
  • Maloney-Mangold, Michelle. “Souls with Off-Switches and Monsters with Feelings Deconstructing the Human-Monster Dichotomy on the WB CW.” Paper presented at the 2014 PCA/ACA National Conference, Chicago, IL., 16-19 April 2014.
  • ___, and Heba Esherief. “Television Is Good for the Soul Theorizing Humanity on the WB and CW Networks.” Paper presented at the 2014 PCA/ACA National Conference, Chicago, IL., 16-19 April 2014.
  • Marra, Michael. "She Had Become Like They Are: Feminist Theory, the Fantastic, and Blue Öyster Cult." Paper presented at the 32nd International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 16-20, March 2011.
  • McCain, Katherine. “There’s a GIF For That: The Innovation of the Supernatural Fan-GIF.” Paper presentation at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • McClancy, Kathleen. “A Boy and His '67 Chevy Impala: Nostalgia, Americana and Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.
  • McMasters, Wesley. “Supernatural and Supernatural: The Prophet Chuck, Balthazar, and Unavoidable Identity Issues.” Paper presentation at the 35th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 19-22, February 2014.
  • Morgan, Felix. “A Chaos Theory Analysis of Family Relationships in Supernatural." Paper presentation at the 34th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 13-16, February 2013.
  • Mulkey, Brittani. “’Carry on My Wayward Son’: Establishing Fraternity through Feminine Sacrifice in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 36th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 11-14, February 2015.
  • Mustafa, Jamil. "'You can't spell subtext without S-E-X': Supernatural, Gothic Intertextuality, and the Queer Uncanny." Paper presented at the 13th Conference of the International Gothic Association. Cholula, Mexico, 18-21, July 2017.

N

  • Nylander, Susan. “Life on the Road: Male Domesticity in Public Spaces.” Paper presentation at the 37th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 10-13, February 2016.
  • ___. “Bodily Integrity, Control, and Choice: The Many Traumas of Sam Winchester.” Paper presentation at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • ___, Mandy Taylor, and Gina Hanson. “Sex, Drugs, and Rock & Roll Never Forgets: The Music of Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • ___. “’That’s Just How I Roll’: Castiel Goes Mortal.” Paper presentation at the 39th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 7-10 February 2018.

O

  • Oberhelman, David, Tamy Burnett, Janet Croft, Kristine Larsen, David Emerson, and Leslie Donovan. “’We’ll Hit Serious Research Mode!’: Libraries and Research Methods in Science Fiction and Fantasy.” Panel discussion at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • Oberlin, Kevin. “If Supernatural Becomes Its Own Mystery Spot, Will Anyone Be Able to Find It?” Paper presented at the 2010 PCA/ACA National Conference, St. Louis, MO, 31 March -- 3 April 2010.
  • Oberlin, Molly. “The First Motel Listed in the Yellow Pages: Middle American Identity in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2010 PCA/ACA National Conference, St. Louis, MO, 31 March -- 3 April 2010.
  • Ormsby, Katherine. “Team Free Will Miltonic Appropriations in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2014 PCA/ACA National Conference, Chicago, IL., 16-19 April 2014.

P

  • Paeth, Scott, Kian Bergstrom, Anne Casey, Galen Foresman, and Shelby Mongan. “Morality and Religion in Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.
  • Parish, Jeff. “Mosey on Up to the Fourth Wall and Lean a Spell: Intertextuality and Metafiction in ‘Frontierland’.” Paper presentation at the 39th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 7-10 February 2018.
  • Pena, Margaret. “You Can Take Sam and Dean Out of the Show, but You Can’t Take the Show Out of Dean and Sam: Analyzing the Effect of Metafiction within Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2019 PCA/ACA National Conference, Washington, D.C., 17-20 April 2019.
  • Peters, Ian, Gordon Dymowski, and Kate Kulzick. “What Came Before: Genre and Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.
  • Petruska, Karen. "Crossing Over: Network Transition, Critical Reception and Supernatural Longevity." 9th Cultural Studies Association Conference. Chicago, IL. 25 March 2010.
  • Plazonja, Dunja. “The Metanarrative Aspects of Supernatural: The Case of ‘The French Mistake’.” Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 8-11 February 2012.
  • Potts, Kathleen. “Short Pleasures Are Often Long Regretted: Pamela Barnes in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • ___. “Pamela Barnes as Pastiche: Supernatural’s Rock Muse and Blind Seer.” Paper presentation at the 39th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 7-10 February 2018.

Q

  • tk


R

  • Rajagopalan, Sudha. “Not Just Spooky: the collaborative aesthetics of Supernatural Fandom on *Runet (Russian-language internet).” School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London, October 2009.
  • Rasher, Sarah. “Hamlet and Prince Hal in a '67 Impala: Supernatural Adapts Shakespeare's Self-Reflexive Heroes.” Paper presented at the 2014 PCA/ACA National Conference, Chicago, IL., 16-19 April 2014.
  • Raymond, Brynn. “’Gay Love Can Pierce through the Veil of Death and Save the Day’: Queer Intertextual Slippages and Failed Hegemonic Masculinity in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 36th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 11-14, February 2015.
  • Rincon, Guadalupe, Nicole Ivey, and Ricardo Ramirez. “Carry On My Wayward Sons: Supernatural and the Reconceputalization of Storytelling.” Paper presentation at the 35th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 19-22, February 2014.
  • ___. “God Has Left the Building: Angels in a Post-Derridian Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 36th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 11-14, February 2015.
  • Roberts, Heather. “’You wrote your own ending?:’ Supernatural's 200th Episode Celebrates the Fandom.” Paper presented at the 2016 PCA/ACA National Conference, Seattle, WA, 22-25 March 2016.
  • Rose, Jonathan A. “Breaking the Scales: Refusal, Excess, and the Representation of Fat Male Bodies in Fanfiction.” Paper presented at the Fan Studies Network Conference. University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK, 28-29 June 2019.
  • Rosen, Lugene. “Who's Your Daddy: Father Trumps Fate in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.
  • ___. “Let It Bleed: Blood as Subversive Ritual and Symbol in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 8-11 February 2012.
  • ___. “From Blood-Sucker to Blood-Brother: Examining the Fictive Kinship between Dean and Benny in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 34th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 13-16, February 2013.
  • ___. “The World According to LARP: Live Action Role Playing as a Lifestyle in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 35th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 19-22, February 2014.
  • ___. “Love at First Geek: Extended Adolescence and Male Friendship as Exhibited by the Ghostfacers.” Paper presentation at the 36th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 11-14, February 2015.
  • ___. “Strange Magic: Zombies, Grief, and Magical Thinking in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 37th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 10-13, February 2016.
  • ___. “Imagine Me and You: Replacing Children’s Imaginary Companions with Real Beings in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • ___. “What’s the Lore?: Information Literacy in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 39th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 7-10 February 2018.
  • ___. "Nobody Puts Baby in a Corner: The Impala’s Narrative Point of View as a Neo-Noir Framing Device in the Episode, ‘Baby’.” Paper presentation at the 40th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 20-23 February 2019.
  • Ryan, Maureen. "Television Criticism.” Workshop at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.

S

  • Salter, Anastasia. “It’s Not Just Subtext: Constructing the Fangirl as Creator and Subject in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Internet Researchers Phoenix, AZ, 21-24 October 2015.
  • Saunders, Miah. "'Kick it in the ass': Supernatural, the Apocalypse, and Human Monstrosity." Paper presented at the 34th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 20-24, March 2013.
  • Schwab, Roxanne. “’Mom’s Never Coming Back’: The Winchesters’ Search for Identity.” Paper presentation at the 36th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 11-14, February 2015.
  • ___. “The Ties that Bind . . . and Choke . . . and Suffocate: The Shifting Narcissistic Bonds Between Crowley and Rowena in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 37th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 10-13, February 2016.
  • Scott, Pauline. “Wayward Sons and Absent Fathers: Postfeminist Masculinities in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2015 PCA/ACA National Conference, New Orleans, LA, 1-4 April 2015.
  • Shreve-Smith, Penny. “Castiel and the Winchester Warrior Brotherhood.” Paper presentation at the 39th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 7-10 February 2018.
  • Soulliere, Danielle. “Male Sexuality at the Crossroads: Messing with the Heteronormative Script in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2013 PCA/ACA National Conference, Washington, D.C., 27-30 March 2013.
  • Spadoni, Robert. “The Machine in the Ghost: Writing Women in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 60th annual conference of the Society for Cinema and Media Studies, Seattle, WA, 13-17 March 2019.
  • Spicer, Catie. Wincest and Destiel: Supernatural Ships That Just Won’t Sink. PCA/ACA National Conference, Seattle, WA., March 25, 2016.
  • Stahle, Ashley. “’Family Don’t End In Blood,’ But It Sometimes Ends in Sacrifice: Exploring Dean Winchester’s Demon Deal through the Lens of Mimetic Theory.” Paper presentation at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • Straw, Amanda. “"Well, You Are Kind of Butch": Performances of Masculinity in Supernatural and its Gen Hurt/Comfort Fan Fiction.” Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 April 2011.

T

  • Taylor, Amanda and Susan Nylander. “Death Personified in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 35th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 19-22, February 2014.
  • Taylor, Mandy. "’Love Me Some Pie’: Dean Winchester as Gourmand.” Paper presentation at the 37th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 10-13, February 2016.
  • ___. “The Worth of Souls: John Keats in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • ___. “’Because God Commanded It’: Warrior Castiel and (Transitions of) Faith.” Paper presentation at the 39th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 7-10 February 2018.
  • ___, Susan Nylander, Lynn Zubernis, Erin Giannini, Rebecca Stone, and Rebecca Lush. “Exploring Death in Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 39th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 7-10 February 2018.
  • ___, Susan Nylander, and Lynn Zubernis. “The Music of Supernatural: The Story in the Song.” Panel discussion at the 39th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 7-10 February 2018.
  • ___, Susan Nylander, and Lynn Zubernis. “Everything I Need to Know I Learned from the Winchesters: Supernatural in the Classroom.” Panel discussion at the 40th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 20-23 February 2019.
  • ___, Susan Nylander, and Lynn Zubernis. "’I'm With the Band’: Supernatural Music on Tour.” Panel discussion at the 40th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 20-23 February 2019.
  • ___, Susan Nylander, and Erin Giannini. “Fridging, Empowering, Othering: The Shifting Portrayal of Women in Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 40th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 20-23 February 2019.
  • Thomas, Kayley. “The Monster at the End of this Book: Supernatural Mis(sed)readings, Narrative Stability, and Textual Authority.” Paper presented at the 2010 PCA/ACA National Conference, St. Louis, MO, 31 March -- 3 April 2010.
  • Thompson, Robbie. “Writing Television.” Workshop at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.
  • Torrey, KT. “He’s Best When He’s Bound and Gagged: Deleting Female Desire in 7.8 It’s Time For a Wedding.” Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 8-11 February 2012.
  • ___. He’s Best When He’s Bound and Gagged: Deleting Female Desire in Supernatural 7.8 “It’s Time For a Wedding.” Paper presented at the 2012 PCA/ACA National Conference, Boston, MA, 11-14 April 2012.
  • ___. "The [Little] Death of the Author: Producing Pleasure in Supernatural Slash Fic." International Association for Study of Popular Romance Conference. York, UK. September 27, 2012.
  • ___. “Encomium on the Overlord: The Sophistic Fandom of Misha Collins.” Paper presentation at the 34th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 13-16, February 2013.
  • ___. "'We're just . . . food and perverse entertainment': Supernatural's New Gods and the (Narrative) Objectification of Sam and Dean." Paper presented at the 34th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, Orlando, FL, 20-24, March 2013.
  • ___. and Shannon Cole. “I Used to Think Maybe You Loved Me (Now, Baby, I’m Sure): Charlie Bradbury and the Reconstruction of the Supernatural Fangirl.” Paper presented at the 25th Annual Mid-Atlantic PCA/ACA Conference, Baltimore, MD, 6-8 November 2014.
  • ___. and Shannon Cole. '"I Used To Think Maybe You Loved Me (Now Baby I'm Sure): The Reconstruction of the Supernatural Fangirl." Paper presented at Society for Cinema and Media Studies, Montreal, Canada, 25-29 March 2015.
  • ___. “I'm Gonna Need You To Unbuckle Your Belt: Screening for Seduction in Misha Collins' TSA America.” Paper presented at the 2015 PCA/ACA National Conference, New Orleans, LA, 1-4 April 2015.
  • ___, Thom Gaughan, Linda Howell, and Lisa Schmidt. “Hunting Things: Monsters in Supernatural Breaking the Fourth Wall: Meta Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.
  • ___. and JSA Lowe. “Please Don’t Tweet That: RPS and Resistance in Supernatural’s Convergent Canon.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Internet Researchers Phoenix, AZ, 21-24 October 2015.
  • ___. and Shannon Cole. “Fuck You, Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2016 PCA/ACA National Conference, Seattle, WA, 22-25 March 2016.
  • Tushnet, Rebecca, Melissa Bruce, Monica Flegel, Lisa Macklem, Jen Roth, and Leah Wilson. “Exploring Fandom in Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.

U

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V

  • Valle, Roselyn Perez. “The Physiognomies of the Devil in Lucifer and Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2019 PCA/ACA National Conference, Washington, D.C., 17-20 April 2019.
  • VanDellon, Wendy. “Supernatural: The Art of Telling a Multi-Layered Story.” Paper presented at the 2010 PCA/ACA National Conference, St. Louis, MO, 31 March -- 3 April 2010.
  • Vist, Elise. 2016. “The Supernatural Family: Immersion and Play at Creation Entertainment Conventions.” Paper presented at the Fan Studies Network Conference. University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK, 25-26 June 2016.

W

  • Whaley, Katherine. “Supernatural Goes Looney: An Exploration of Comfort and the Uncanny in ‘Hunteri Heroici.’“ Paper presented at the 2013 Midwest PCA/ACA Annual Conference, St. Louis, MO, 11-13 October 2013.
  • Wicks, Rebecca. “Demons I Get, People Are Crazy: The Myth of Normalcy in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2011 Midwest PCA/ACA Annual Conference, Milwaukee, WI, 14-16 October 2011.
  • Wilhelm, Kelli. “Where’s the Pie?”: Nostalgic and Apocalyptic Foodways in Supernatural.” Paper presentation at the 38th Annual Southwest/Texas PCA/ACA Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 15-18, February 2017.
  • Williams, Sandy. “Teaching Literature Supernaturally: Using Episodic Television to teach Literature and Critical Thinking.” Paper presented at the 2012 PCA/ACA National Conference, Boston, MA, 11-14 April 2012.
  • Williams, Sandy L. “From Becky Rosen to Charlie Bradbury with a stop at Fanfiction and other destinations: A look at the evolving portrayal and understanding of fandom in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2017 PCA/ACA National Conference, San Diego, CA, 12-16 April 2017.
  • Willis-Rivera, Jennifer. “Blood, Bravado and Bromance: The Social Construction of Gender in Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2015 PCA/ACA National Conference, New Orleans, LA, 1-4 April 2015.
  • Wilson, Kate, Allison Broesder, and Patricia Grosse. “Love, Death, and Codependence: The Family in Supernatural.” Panel discussion at the 3rd Annual DePaul Pop Culture Conference, 9 May 2015.

X

Y

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Z

  • Zubernis, Lynn. "’Don't Ask, Don't Tell!’: Fan Shame in the Supernatural Fandom.” Paper presented at the 2010 PCA/ACA National Conference, St. Louis, MO, 31 March -- 3 April 2010.
  • ___. “Fandom At The Crossroads: Fan/Producer Reciprocal Relationships.” Paper presented at the 2012 PCA/ACA National Conference, Boston, MA, 11-14 April 2012.
  • ___. “Time For A What??: The Problematic Portrayal of the Fangirl on Supernatural.” Paper presented at the 2013 PCA/ACA National Conference, Washington, DC, 27-30 March 2013.